Strengthening of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Systems and awareness to reach most vulnerable population groups – MOZ918
Tropical storms or cyclones occur along the coastal regions of Mozambique caused by tropical depressions in the Indian Ocean. Their frequency and intensity has increased in the past years. Risk mapping shows that people living in the coastal districts in Nampula and Inhambane Province were most affected by cyclones in the past thirty years. Cyclones normally occurred between January and March but, with changes in the climate, the „cyclone season“ is becoming more unpredictable with tropical storms starting as early as November and going into April.
The most likely time for floods to occur is from November to March in the southern region of the country and from January to April in the central and northern regions. There is also a high probability of flooding
following tropical storms or cyclones. They can aggravate already on-going river floods, as they bring extremely strong and heavy rainfall within a short period and their occurrence coincides with the rainy (flood) season – from October to April. People living in districts along the Limpopo, Incomáti and Save (in the south) and the Búzi, Pungue, Zambezi and Licungo (in the centre) have been the most affected by floods in the last three decades.
Elderly, chronically sick or disabled, pregnant women and children are the most vulnerable members of communities in Mozambique. Especially women are overrepresented in many districts in Gaza Province due to temporary or permanent out-migration of men to South Africa or Maputo. In areas with high HIV prevalence, elderly women are often in charge of a number of children. Children form the largest age group in Mozambique. Systematic procedures for safe evacuation are usually not established, especially for most vulnerable homesteads. Knowledge on First Aid techniques is almost non existent. The damage of floods and cyclones to local infrastructure and the loss of essential assets of a household is considerable.
Principal Objective: At-risk communities‘ vulnerability to shocks is reduced through the use of timely and appropriate adaptation and preparedness strategies.
Specific Objective: Increasing vulnerable communities capacity to prepare, resist and adapt to shocks through the promotion of early action and the further strengthening of institutions such as the National Institute for Disaster Mitigation (INGC) at the national, provincial and district level as well as enhancing humanitarian actors capacity to respond to emergencies through the crises modifier.
Expected Result 1: Strengthened capacity and outreach of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) systems via INGC.
Expected Result 2: Increased awareness, knowledge and capacities of most vulnerable community members (outside of community DRR teams) to prepare for and respond to shocks and disasters.
Expected Result 3: Enhanced children’s knowledge and practices on DRR.
Expected Result 4: Increased ability of emergency response actors to successfully implement cash based transfer
programming in Mozambique as a response modality during a humanitarian crisis.
Expected Result 5: Enhanced capacity of COSACA to respond to rapid onset emergency through access to a crisis modifier.
The total numbers of direct beneficiaries are 17.500 individuals and 36 organisations.
01.07.2018 – 31.12.2019
Save the Children