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  • Nepal: Udaan – Catching the Missed Opportunity II – NPL962

Nepal: Udaan – Catching the Missed Opportunity II – NPL962

Project Description

Adolescents in Nepal, constituting roughly 24% of the population, need to be understood within the context of socio-economic diversity, inequality and discrimination in the country. Rural areas in general, in particular the Terai (plains) and the mid and far west regions have been historically most neglected. As a result, these areas have the lowest ranking in development indicators. The majority of adolescents and young people (82%) live in rural areas and half of them live in the Terai (census 2011) – indicating that a vast proportion of adolescents live in underdeveloped and underserved areas. Income inequality manifested in a quarter of Nepali citizens living on less than 1$ a day and historical social discrimination against Dalits, Muslims and indigenous communities also indicate the heterogeneous situation and experiences of adolescents in the country. Among adolescents, girls tend to be marginalised due to the gender inequality and discrimination embedded in social norms and perpetuated through policy, programme and service delivery.

The Udaan program has been developed to offer an opportunity to girls, especially from poor and socially excluded communities such as dalits, to get back to the formal education system, which they have missed out on due to various social and economic reasons. This program aims to reach 500 girls who have either never been to school or dropped out. The project is complementary to other CARE projects under the strategic direction of LEAD programme which aims at the empowerment of women and adolescent girls through building leadership and voice, increasing access to empowering education, and increased socio-economic empowerment.

Overall Objective

Girls from poor and marginalised groups in Nepal will have better life opportunities that enable them in their developing years to make better life choices.

Specific Objectives

500 poor and vulnerable adolescent girls from the Terai region will have access to education and be empowered.

Expected Results

ER1: 500 poor and marginalised adolescent girls who have never been to school or who dropped out are empowered through an accelerated learning course in 10 Udaan schools.

ER2: Local authorities and the national government have implemented improved education policies and lobby for the inclusion of elements of the Udaan concept in the national curriculum.

ER3: An enabling environment is created to reduce socio-cultural barriers for girls through awareness campaigns, community mobilisation and information sharing.

ER4: Graduated Udaan girls and parents have better professional skills through vocational education training and access to improved livelihood opportunities.

Main Activities


Activity 1

  • 500 poor and marginalised adolescent girls are empowered through access to education.
  • 6 mother schools have an improved learning environment for girls and boys and better trained teachers.


Activity 2

  • Policy briefs are developed based on the evidence generated from Udaan phase I and II.
  • Platforms are established to engage with various government agencies to lobby for an improved teaching and learning environment and to influence the national curriculum based on Udaan learnings.


Activity 3

  • Awareness about the importance of girls’ education is raised and parents as well as the community support the education of girls.
  • Families allow their out of school daughters to attend the Udaan classes.


Activity 4

  • Families of Udaan girls have a livelihood improvement plan and better economic opportunities.
  • Udaan girls and their parents have improved livelihood and business skills which will help them to increase their family income.


Beneficiaries / Target Groups
  • The direct beneficiaries are approx. 500 girls and their parents from the poorest and most marginalised ethnic and religious groups in 10 new Village Development Committees[1] (including at least 2 from Tipping Point’s working area) in Kapilvastu district  where 6 Udaan schools have been organised through the on-going UDAAN programme.
  • The proposed project will directly work with government officials from Village Development Committees, District Development Committees and District Education Offices.
  • It will also work directly with teachers of Udaan and 6 mother schools.
  • 6 state schools will be involved in meetings and programs and will be core members for advocating for the replication of the Udaan concept.

[1] Total 10 new Village Development Committees (VDC) are targeted as per the existing structure of the local bodies. The local government units will be updated according to the new federal structure of the government of Nepal, In the new structure, existing VDCs are merged to form larger local units now called rural municipalities and urban municipalities. A planned Udaan center in the new structure will be covering more or less the same geographic area as the existing VDC.

Final Beneficiaries: The final beneficiaries are approx. 75,000 people who are members of the poor, vulnerable and socially excluded groups of 10 VDCs of Kapilvastu district.


Nepal, Kapilvastu, Western Terai Region


01.01.2018 – 30.06.2020

This project contributes to the following sustainable development goals (SDGs):