Gaza Strip: Protection of Livelihoods and Food Assistance in the occupied Palestinian territories (oPt) / Fresh Food Phase 6 – WBG935
This action intends to respond to the protracted humanitarian crisis which has resulted from man-made factors, in particular the Gaza blockade, and related consequences which severely curtail the daily lives and liberties of the Gazan population and put their safety at risk. There are hundreds of thousands of marginalised Palestinians living in communities that are directly impacted by a number of conflict-related protection risks, in particular the continuation of the blockade on Gaza, physical risks for the population living and working in the "Buffer Zone," as well as Palestinian factional violence.
The key protection concerns outlined above have significant negative implications for livelihoods. Continuing violence and the limitations on import to and export from Gaza reduce the productive capacity of families and access to markets. Military activities, particularly in the "Buffer Zone", destroy livelihood assets and retard investment.
These policies force households to make risky choices with regard to their livelihoods. In the Gaza Strip, many farmers tend to their lands in the "Buffer Zone" despite regular shooting and incursions from Israeli border patrols, provoking an immediate need to protect agricultural livelihoods. Moreover, severely restricted areas near the Israeli border represent 35 percent of Gaza's arable land.
Households are increasingly faced with deepening poverty and rising living costs. Given the large dedication of household expenditure on food in Gaza households have increasing difficulty coping with the multitude of chronic and ever-worsening external shocks.
Consequently, they resort to negative coping mechanisms such as reductions in the quantity of food consumed and gradual shifts in diets (from vegetables and animal products to low-cost and high-carbohydrate items), reduced expenditure, selling productive assets, living on credit, and engagement in high-risk activities (farming in the Buffer Zone, working in the Gaza tunnels). Clearly such negative strategies will have a long term detrimental impact on their livelihoods, pushing households from transitory to chronic or more severe levels of food insecurity. Inadequate (nutritious) food consumption levels compromise livelihoods and lead to adoption of negative coping strategies, warranting a humanitarian food assistance response.
Occupied Palestinian Territory --> Gaza Strip --> 35 Communities
The total number of direct beneficiaries is 69.220 (8.460 households / 67.420 individuals; 1.800 individuals living in health/social care institutions).
The catchment population includes small farmers, impoverished Palestinian families and those receiving services from selected social/health care institutions. As the crisis continues the number of potential beneficiaries is likely to increase.
Address the humanitarian needs of the most vulnerable population in communities directly impacted by conflict-related protection risks in the occupied Palestinian territory.
To improve livelihoods and reduce food insecurity of vulnerable households in communities affected by conflict-related protection risks in the Gaza Strip.
Result 1: Targeted vulnerable families and social institutions have improved their nutritious meal intake.
Result 2: Protection of farmers livelihoods through increasing their cash resources and advocacy efforts.
Result 3: Men and women without sustainable livelihoods are provided with employment opportunities within the project lifetime.
01.06.2012 - 15.06.2013