Cambodia’s construction industry, especially in its capital, Phnom Penh, is booming. 175.000 to 200.000 construction workers are employed in this sector. Between 20 and 40 per cent of the workforce in this sector is female. They often migrated from Cambodia’s rural areas to the capital, mainly because they are poor or have no other work near their homes. The majority of construction workers are seasonal migrant workers moving from agriculture to construction and are working without a contract as day laborers. Even as a day laborer, workers could have access to protections, but few are aware. Most of the women working on construction sites have little education and face the same problems as all unskilled construction workers, limited workplace protections provided by construction companies and limited access to protection by the law.
Read about the vicious circle between the impacts of climate change and bonded labour in connection with the construction industry in Cambodia in this recently published report.