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Cambodia in a nutshell

The Kingdom of Cambodia lies in Southeast Asia, boarded by Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. Cambodia is the heir to the ancient Khmer Empire which flourished for over 600 years and controlled large parts of Southeast Asia. The Khmers greatest legacies are the majestic monuments of Angkor. The painful memories of the time of the Khmer Rouge are still haunting the country. Under the leadership of Pol Pot, 1.7 million people died between 1975 and 1979.

Today, the garment and shoe industry as well as the agriculture and the construction sector are the most important industries in Cambodia. Tourism is also growing over the last years.

 

Population and Demographic Profile(**)

  • Population: 15,957,223
  • Ethnic groups: Khmer 97.6%, Cham 1.2%, Chinese 0.1%, Vietnamese 0.1% (2013)
  • Languages: Khmer (official)
  • Religions: Buddhist (official) 96.9%, Muslim 1.9%, Christian 0.4%, other 0.8% (2008)
  • Median age: 24.9

Economy

  • GDP (real growth rate 2016): 7% (**)
  • Poverty Rate (2014): 13.5% (*)
  • Working poor, (less than 3.10 a day purchasing power): 71.8% (*)
  • Child labor (ages 5-14): 19% (*)
  • GDP composition by sector (2016) (**):

                       o   agriculture: 26.7%

                       o   industry: 29.8%

                       o   services: 43.5%

  •  Labor force by occupation(**):

                        o   agriculture: 48.7%

                        o   industry: 19.9%

                        o   services: 31.5% (2013)

Health(*)

  • Life expectancy at birth (years): 68.8
  • Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births): 24.6
  • Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births): 28.7
  • Public health expenditure (of GDP): 1.3%

Gender(*)

  • Gender Inequality Index (GII) 0 (0% inequality) – 1 (100% inequality): 0.479
  • Mean Years of Schooling (male/female): 5.5/3.7
  • Violence against women ever experienced, intimate partner: 21%

(*)Human Development Report. UNDP.

http://hdr.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/KHM

(Recent access, 19.07.2017)

(**)The World Fact Book. Cambodia, CIA: 2017

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cb.html

(Recent access, 19.07.2017)